There are five main varieties, which all have common traits typical of lavender plants, though some have different climate requirements, and some have interesting or unusual aesthetics. ‘Provence’ lavender is hardy in Zones 5 to 8 and grows 24 to 36 inches tall and wide. In areas where frost doesn’t occur, like in Southern California, plants flower year-round, with peak bloom occurring from fall to early winter. Other lavenders, including French lavender (Lavandula stoechas), are slightly less hardy and can be short-lived so need replacing every few years. On an average winter we may lose 5% of the 'Grosso', a cold winter or one with less snow cover but temps under -20 Celsius maybe 20%. Terra-cotta pots help keep soil on the dry side, just like lavender likes. Lavandula stoechas is commonly known as Spanish lavender, and L. dentata is often referred to as French lavender. I hope the information is helpful on hardiness on common Lavenders in Zone 5. Distinctive cultivars for this easy-care plant. The first type is the hardiest, English Lavender, or Lavandula angustifolia. See more ideas about Lavender varieties, Lavender, Spanish lavender. Growing French Lavender. Lavender is a flowering shrub in the Lamiaceae (mint) family and boasts over 40 known species with an ever growing count of over 400 cultivated varieties.While it's native to areas near the Mediterranean, Lavender is now grown all over the world and the various species provide us with several different essential oils. This is the true lavender, and generally produces flowers earlier, on shorter stems. As always it is important to use botanic names when buying plants. French lavender plants grow to form a mound that can reach 12 to 36 inches tall and 48 to 60 inches wide. They look fantastic lining pathways and losses of 10-20% are common here. Harvest flowers for drying before any of the blossoms start to turn brown. Lavender keeps garden pests away, makes attractive borders and you can make beautiful crafts with them. On an average winter we may lose 5% of the 'Grosso', a cold winter or one with less snow cover but temps under -20 Celsius maybe 20%. my favourite way to plant lavender is to plant a ton of it all in one block or as a border! French lavender, and other varieties, has several historical uses. Water just enough to keep plants alive. Meet the Lavenders. Our bees love it. Lavandula dentata French Lavender originated in Spain (sometimes incorrectly referred to as Spanish) and is considered a tender perennial as it is hardy in US zones 8-10.If you do not live in these zones simply plant the Lavender in a pot and over-winter it indoors.Use a well drained sandy potting mix to keep the roots from rotting.Here is a potting mix recipe that works well for Lavender plants. Type – herb sub-shrub Height – 24 to 40 inches (60 to 100 cm) Exposure – full sun. A little dried lavender goes a long way in this subtle, sumptuous dessert. Although lavender plants get regularly pruned simply by harvesting the flowers, to keep them well-shaped and to encourage new growth, a bit of spring pruning is in order. Join the party! Discover some tips and tricks to growing lavender indoors. Also called Spike Lavender, this lavender is native to the … Information on French Lavender. Planting on a slope or amending the soil (with sand and gravel) and planting lavender on the top of the hill will allow you to grow lavender in heavier, clay soils. Varieties of French Lavender ( Lavandula stoechas) 1. Lavandula latifolia - Portuguese Lavender. Details L. stoechas is a bushy, upright evergreen shrub, to 60cm high and 40cm wide. Spanish lavender is hardy in Zones 8 to 11. Bring plants indoors before frost arrives. English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) is probably the most famous and familiar types of lavender. Also known as Fringed Lavender, this species is most often grown in pots or tubs and can be pruned into topiary shapes. The second type of lavender that can grow in the zone 5 is a Lavandin X, a hybrid of Lavender angustifolia and the less hardy, more pungent, Lavandula spicata. Lavandula stoechas ‘Ballerina’ 'Provence' is an amazing bud plant for savoury culinary 'Herbes des Provence' and the dried buds are the most aromatic of all. Discover what's known as everblooming lavender. Good luck with your lavender! These nationality-based categories are more confusing than helpful. If the fragrance alone isn't enough to convince you to grow French lavender (Lavandula dentata), consider that the plants are … Dried French lavender flowers make nice additions to dried floral bouquets. Move plants outside in spring when all danger of frost has passed. The peak bloom time in France is early to midsummer. Learn to make your own lavender oil with lavender you grow yourself. Angustifolias are the traditional English garden lavender varieties. Sheltered location, out of the wind, reduces the windchill and winter-kill. Spanish lavender has showier than French lavender and their leaves are not scalloped but straight like English lavender. just beautiful!! 'Fred Boutin" is the next most hardy. Lavandula angustifolia ‘Little Lottie’ As the name suggests, ‘Little Lottie’ is dwarf variety of English … Fall in love with the rich fragrance of English lavender. These tend to be the hardiest. Lavandula dentata will bloom year-round in coastal climates. This French lavender is not native to France but to drier Spain, Greece and North Africa; due to its widespread cultivation in the region of Provence, however, it has become decidedly French. It has distinctive flowers with reflexed petals that stand upright. With more than 450 kinds of lavender to choose from, it can be overwhelming to pick the best ones for your garden. Good luck, you will love it. how far down do you trim after cutting flowering stems? French Lavender comes in a number of varieties and can be used as a low hedging plant, grown in pots or in the garden border. The name French Lavender is sometimes applied to Lavandula stoechas which most sources will call Spanish Lavender. 'Grosso' is the cold hardiest and we have 4 year old plants in our 4 year old lavender plantation. It's my favourite and if I could have just one variety, that would be it! It is taller and more showy than the 'Munstead', and is a pretty lavender in the garden. True French lavender lacks the rich perfume of English lavender, but does have a pleasant, clean aroma. Height: 30-50cm. The English lavender varieties we offer are variants of the species L. angustifolia. True French lavender actually hails from the Mediterranean region of Spain. A plant in a pot would experience a Zone 4 winter which means the English lavenders are the only ones to survive. True French lavender lacks the rich perfume of English lavender, but does have a pleasant, clean aroma. White lavender, twickle and hidcote? Even before it flowers, you can go out and touch the leaves then smell your hand. A fragrant and colorful plant native to Europe and Western Asia, lavender is a sun-loving flower best grown outdoors. With its long gray leaves and deep purple flowers, it is often used for ornamental purposes. This variety is much more commonly cultivated and is typical in gardens and containers. This will apply to exposed sites in zone 6 and sheltered areas in zone 4!! On this board you'll find them all!. It’s known botanically as Lavandula dentata. Both are zone 8 plants and both are beautiful but French Lavender blooms a lot longer. Discover the many benefits that lavender brings — to the garden and home. Jun 3, 2019 - Did you know there are different lavender varieties, such as French, English and Spanish lavender? The blooms do make nice lavender wands and potpourris. As a homesteader, I have a lot of experience managing various plants in my garden. Lavandula (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.It is native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia to southeast India.. This is a variation of lavender that is tolerant of drought. French lavender: Lavandula dentata. The long stems are nice for dried or fresh lavender stems for arrangements and bunches, but once dried, the colour fades. More of an ornamental garden plant than a cut stem or bud lavender, these can overwinter here in milder winters. Today, I want to share our experiences with various lavender varieties, and why I will plant them again, or not. A sachet of lavender can keep insects at bay in the linen closet and garden, and insomnia away in the bedroom! It over-winters well up to Zone 3. Privacy Policy. Unfortunately, winter kill losses of 40-95% make replanting a huge chore here with lots and we will no longer replant. I love the fact that my honey bees love the lavender flowers once they are wide open, and the honey they make with the aromatic nectar is truly unique. It is the cold hardiest long stemmed lavender we have here, hardy to at least Zone 4. French Lavender. May 13, 2018 - Learn a little about the differences between French Lavender vs English lavender including a few of my favorite varieties. It has medium to longer straight stems and is excellent for cut flowers. Lavandula stoechas, Spanish lavender, is sometimes also sold as French lavender. To assist you in selecting the right plant, we have prepared this guide, which we hope will be helpful to you. This Lavandin X hybrid generally has taller flower stems and bigger plants and slightly later flowering plants. French lavender has the scientific name Lavandula dentata where dentata translates to "toothed" referring to the scallops on the leaves as shown above and is sometimes confused with Spanish lavender or Lavandula stoechas. French lavender (Lavandula stoechas) is an aromatic shrub native to Spain. 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If you have a sheltered area where snow collects, the deep snow is only 0 degrees celsius which is often warmer than the air temperatures in the winter. my lavender plants reaches around 4-5' ea summer. Lavender flowers vary in size, shape and color. This information was very helpful.... so thanks for sharing and I am going to plant some of my first this spring!! There is more camphor in the essential oil giving the oils and flowers a stronger, more pungent clean smell. See even more hedge plants with flowers , as well as other fragrant hedging . All lavenders are popular with bees, butterflies and other pollinators. I grow it for a few reasons. Lavender needs well drained soil. French lavender is a wonderful landscape plant, bringing a strong … This can be less hardy in some areas. Flowers appear on long flower stems referred to as wands. Lavender varieties include more than traditional English lavender. Often associated with the French fields of Provence, lavender is now popular all over the world. French lavender is a nice alternative to common lavender thanks to its very original flowers. English lavender varieties include Hidcote, Lady and Munstead French Lavender. Plant some today! It needs full sun and well-drained, alkaline soil to reach its full potential. But it's also hard to go wrong: Most varieties of this herb feature fragrant foliage and beautiful flowers, plus resistance to drought, deer, and other pests. Purple Haze Lavender Farm in Sequim, Washington grows and sells many lavender varieties, including English, French Lavendins and Spanish types. The ancient Romans used it to scent the public baths, the Greeks used it medicinally to treat several ailments such as insomnia and backache, and the Egyptians dipped shrouds in it before wrapping the dead. Soil – ordinary, well drained Foliage – evergreen Hi I'm looking for a Hard Lavender which can grow well in a walled border that is not too big. A frost-tolerant variety originally from New Zealand, the evergreen shrub grows... 2. … Both the above types have many varieties bred and selected for many qualities and uses. This plant’s more widely used common name is Spanish lavender. Hello Nina l would like to put Lavender in our garden, both my husband & I are clueless gardeners, myself I favour in what I've seen is I think French Lavender, does it grow straight up & keeps it's shape & is a deeper purple than the English one.... we are having our front garden redone by a gardener, which is not a real big area regards Lois. Lavender is best grown in neatly clipped hedges, in pots, in a herb circle, knot garden or courtyard.Coastal gardens, rocky slopes and planter boxes are all good environments for lavender. Foliage is aromatic and grey-green. All rights reserved. These are primarily dried sachet buds, dried stem flowers, culinary buds, essential oil extraction and some for simple beauty in the garden. 'Grosso' is the cold hardiest and we have 4 year old plants in our 4 year old lavender plantation. Hi Nina, Thanks! © 2020 Discovery or its subsidiaries and affiliates. I'm happy for a smaller variety with a nice colour and smell. French lavender is Lavendula dentata and it is not actually that commonly cultivated, although we often think of France when picturing fields of lavender. Without it the winter snow melt will saturate the soil and kill the plant. Name – Lavandula stoechas (GB) Name – Lavandula dentata (USA) Family – Lamiaceae. Good luck and enjoy. 16 Lavender Varieties from Purple Haze Lavender Farm Lavendula Angustifolia – English Lavenders. It’s a very striking, large bloom. French Lavender is a popular variety of Lavender hedging, but we do also have the following additional varieties - English Lavender, Lavender 'Hidcote', White Lavender, and Dwarf Lavender. If you want to buy enough lavender to make a hedge, Richters herbs is wonderful for selling trays of 128 plugs of all these lavender varieties for little more than 50 cents a plant. Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds. It had very dark blue petals, so makes a wonderful dried bud variety especially for pot pourri where it can been seen once dried as it keeps it's deep colour as well as a gentle sweet lavender aroma. Dried lavender buds can be used in cooking to add an unusual but pleasant flavour to both savoury and sweet recipes. Long-lived and hardy border plants include cultivars of the English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia and L. × intermedia). It's more Lavandula angustifolia, 'Hidcote'! 'Munstead' is easily the most cold hardy, easiest to find and has with paler purple flowers. This plant gives the longest stems of any we have gown and gives spectacular 2 feet+ dried stems with mid purple flowers. Read how easy lavender is to add to your garden decor. Check plant labels when purchasing French lavender. Any suggestions ? French lavender is a wonderful landscape plant, bringing a strong flowering ability to plantings. 'Twickle Purple' is a paler purple, very long stemmed English Lavender. ‘Provence’ lavender is often assumed to be a type of French lavender, but it’s actually a lavandin, or English lavender hybrid. French lavender pairs pretty, toothed, gray-green leaves with traditional purple lavender-style blooms. Get our best gardening advice and outdoor ideas delivered straight to your inbox. Fragrance is best described as balsamic with a hint of rosemary. French Lavandin Varieties . This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional. Lavender is an undemanding plant, needing only a well-drained soil and room to grow. Spruce up your outdoor space with products handpicked by HGTV editors. ‘Provence’ lavender is often assumed to be a type of French lavender, but it’s actually a lavandin, or English lavender hybrid. It’s an aromatic dwarf shrub with narrow, greyish leaves, and bears dense, oval heads of … It is grown in Provence, France in the commercial lavender fields. The dentata part of the name is a Latin way of referring to teeth, which describes the edges of the leaves—they look like something took a bite out of them. Our lavender survives better when the snow has been deep in the winter. Plants do better in the ground than in pots. By next year they will be those nice big cushions but you should get a few flowers this year. French lavender pairs pretty, toothed, gray-green leaves with traditional purple lavender-style blooms. Here are some lovely lavender varieties and advice on how to overwinter lavender. We got a few of these showy paler leaved plants with pale flowers. It is also the most common variety of lavender used for culinary purposes, such as flavouring oils, butters and sugar. The flower heads on French lavender aren’t useful as a culinary lavender because the flavor has heavy camphor tones. Key facts for French Lavender. Bring garden-fresh flavors to the dinner table by cooking with lavender. When purchasing French lavender, you need to buy using the botanical name, because there’s another plant known as French lavender that is also from Spain—Lavandula stoechas. This is a warm-region lavender, hardy in Zones 8 to 11. Plants have narrow, oily and aromatic evergreen leaves and bear dense spikes of small tubular flowers in summer. There are over 450 Lavender varieties and finding the best Lavender plant for your needs might be a daunting task. The English lavender produces a slightly sweeter smelling flower with less camphor in its essential oils. very cold hardy, buds nice when dried, showy, stems straight, and smells lovely. Can't wait. Use a soil that provides sharp drainage. I'd highly recommend trying them in milder climates and micro-climates as the aroma is amazing! Skeffling (author) from Wiarton, Ontario, Canada on March 15, 2012: Remember high and dry! We are zone 5B lake moderated temps from Lake Huron and Georgian Bay, further inland these don't always overwinter well. Here are some other important differences: English lavender is Lavendula angustifolia. The lavender known as ‘Provence’ lavender (Lavandula x intermedia ‘Provence’) is a type of English lavender hybrid known as lavandin. The deeper the snow cover, the better. I think it is every bit as strong as the flower smell. They are a long-stemmed Lavandin X that is bred to drop the buds once dry speeding up the bud stripping process. 'Hidcote' is also very cold hardy. There is lots more information and recipes online for these uses. Hardy noninvasive perennials, lavenders suit both informal and formal gardens. So much so that English lavender is commercially grown for its fragrance (varieties such as Hidcote, Mundstead and Vera are most popular) although some English and French hybrid lavenders (Lavandula x imtermedia) are also grown commercially, particularly Lavender Grosso. It is a good all purpose lavender with strong aroma, but stems tend to be less straight and have the odd kink in them, so I find it better for dried buds than stems. This guide will help you choose the best type of lavender for your yard. Meet a heat-tolerant English lavender hybrid. It has remained in soaps and cosmetics ever since. The three Lavandin X varieties most readily available in Ontario are 'Grosso', 'Provence' and 'Fred Boutin'. This is a very long flowering type, drought tolerant, frost tolerant and easy care. Teas can help with relaxation and essential oils can help with skin healing. If you want to use the flower spikes for drying, the calyx color (bud) is important, not the corolla (petals) as they turn brown and fall off. Satisfy your passion for lavender by growing one that flowers nearly year-round. Other reasons for growing them are home herbal uses, tisanes, cooking, and sachets. also, what type of lavender is in that last picture of this article?? Grow lavandin for richly hued and scented flowers or French lavender for a clean smelling hedge. Tap into the versatility of lavender by learning ways to use this delightful herb. It requires very little to … The freely-produced fragrant flowerheads are densely cylindrical, tapering to a blunt tip, crowned by 4 sterile bracts 2.5cm long, give the heads a distinctive appearance. The darker the calyx, the most stu… The taller varieties can be cut back by approximately one-third of their height. In theory mulching with straw of something similar may help, but we have never tried it. In areas of the country where French lavender isn’t hardy, grow it in containers that you can overwinter indoors. Lavandula stoechas is commonly referred to as French lavender. The three Lavandin X varieties most readily available in Ontario are 'Grosso', 'Provence' and 'Fred Boutin'. Prune French lavender plants at the end of the season to keep them attractive and maintain a manageable size. They ship worldwide. In regions with frost, French lavender flowers from spring until frost. Lavender plants are the perfect addition to the lazy gardener's yard. Store them through winter in a cool room near a bright window or in a cool basement with grow lights. Number one is the sheer fun of it and the lifelong love of those beautiul blue aromatic flowers.
2020 french lavender varieties